PAL-S

PAL-S is the system of television receiver sets in the early days of PAL system. Here PAL stands for Phase alternating at line rate and S stands for simple.Contents 1 PAL system 2 The PAL-S receiver 3 The problems in PAL-S 4 Electronic averaging 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksPAL system[edit] Main article: PAL The color hue modulates the phase of a subcarrier named color carrier. In PAL system the polarity of the phase in each frame is reversed to neutralize the undesirable phase shifts introduced during transmission. Thus the effect of undesirable phase shift is positive in one frame and negative in the second frame. Averaging the two, the effect of the undesirable phase shifts in two consecutive frames cancel each other. The PAL-S receiver[edit] In the early days of the PAL system, it was proposed that, the human eye can average the slightly different color hues in two consecutive frames and perceive the original color. The television receiver sets which rely on optical averaging were called PAL-S receivers. The problems in PAL-S[edit] Main article: Hanover bars However, it soon turned out that the optical averaging had problems. When the distance between the viewer and the receiver set is not large, the viewer can distinguish the lines. The phase reversion takes place in every frame. But each frame is composed of two fields. So the viewer watches two consecutive lines without reversion. The next two lines are reverted phase lines. That means that when there is undesired phase shift the viewer watches a thin horizontal bar with one color and another thin bar with another color. This pattern is known as Hanover bar.[1] Electronic averaging[edit] In the standard analogue PAL receiver, the color differences between the consecutive bars are averaged electronically (by the use of delay line). This system is known as PAL-D. See also[edit]Differential gain Differential phaseReferences[edit]^ Gordon J.King:Beginner’s Guide to Color Television, Newness Technical Book, London, 1978; ISBN 0-408-00101-1, p 69-71External links[edit][1]v t e Analog television broadcasting topics Systems180-line 405-line ( System A ) 441-line 525-line ( System J , System M ) 625-line ( System B , System C , System D , System G , System H , System I , System K , System L , System N ) 819-line ( System E , System F ) Color systemsNTSC PAL PAL-M PAL-S PALplus SECAM VideoBack porch and front porch Black level Blanki. thanks wikipedia.

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Aléjate de mí

“Aléjate de Mí”Single by Camila from the album Dejarte de Amar Released May 3, 2010 (2010-05-03) (see release history) Format CD single, Digital download Recorded 2009 Genre Latin pop Length 4:19 Label Sony Music Latin Writer(s) Mario Domm Producer(s) Mario Domm Camila singles chronology”Mientes” (2009) “Aléjate de Mí” (2010) “Bésame” (2010) Alternative coversiTunes promo cover”Aléjate de Mí” (English: Get Away From Me) is a pop/rock ballad song by Mexican pop/rock group Camila released as the second single from their second studio album, Dejarte de Amar released officially on May 3, 2010 through Sony Music Latin.[1] The song is also their third Mexican number-one single.Contents 1 Background and release 2 Awards 3 Versions 4 Charts4.1 Year-end charts 5 Release history 6 References 7 External linksBackground and release[edit] The song is written and produced by Mario Domm. The song was released as the last promotional single, before to release the album on February 1, 2010, and later selected as second single. The music video was released on May 12, 2010 directed by Ricardo Calderón, was also released for sale on May 31, 2010.[2] The song was used as the lead theme of the protagonists Pilar and Gonzalo in the Chilean TV series La familia de al lado aired by TVN (Chile) in 2010-2011. Awards[edit] Year Ceremony Award Result 2011 Premios Juventud Canción Corta-Venas Won Versions[edit] Claudia Leitte recorded a live version of the song call “Afaste-se de mim” for her 2012 album Negalora: Íntimo. Charts[edit] Chart (2010) Peak position Mexican Singles Chart[3] 1 US Hot Latin Songs[4] 3 US Latin Tropical Songs[5] 20 Year-end charts[edit] End of year chart (2010) Position US Latin Songs Year End 2010[6] 23 US Latin Pop Songs Year End 2010[6] 7 Release history[edit] Region Date Format Label United States[7] February 1, 2010 Digital download (iTunes promo release only) Sony Mexico[1] May 3, 2010 Digital download (Official release) References[edit] ^ a b Aléjate de Mí single by Camila iTunes.com ^ Video: Alejate De Mi (Video) Amazon.com ^ Monitor Latino > Top 20 General MonitoLatino.com Retrieved 2010-06-11 ^ Aléjate de Mí > Billboard Chart History Billboard.com ^ “Billboard Latin Tropical Songs for Camila”. Billboard.com. Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-24.  ^ a b “2010 Year-End Hot Lati. thanks wikipedia.

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Zamak

Zamak ingot Zamak (formerly trademarked as ZAMAK[1] and also known as Zamac) is a family of alloys with a base metal of zinc and alloying elements of aluminium, magnesium, and copper. Zamak alloys are part of the zinc aluminium alloy family; they are distinguished from the other ZA alloys because of their constant 4% aluminium composition.[2] The name zamak is an acronym of the German names for the metals of which the alloys are composed: Zink (zinc), Aluminium, Magnesium and Kupfer (copper).[2] The New Jersey Zinc Company developed zamak alloys in 1929. Zinc alloys are popularly referred to as pot metal or white metal. While zamak is held to higher industrial standards, it is still considered a pot metal. The most common zamak alloy is zamak 3. Besides that, zamak 2, zamak 5 and zamak 7 are also commercially used.[2] These alloys are most commonly die cast.[2] Zamak alloys (particularly #3 and #5) are frequently used in the spin casting industry. A large problem with early zinc die casting materials was zinc pest, owing to impurities in the alloys.[3] Zamak avoided this by the use of 99.99% pure zinc metal, produced by New Jersey Zinc’s use of a refluxer as part of the smelting process. Zamak can be electroplated, wet painted, and chromate conversion coated well.[4]Contents 1 Mazak 2 Standards 3 Zamak 23.1 KS 4 Zamak 3 5 Zamak 4 6 Zamak 5 7 Zamak 7 8 Uses 9 References 10 External linksMazak[edit] In the early 1930s Morris Ashby in Britain had licensed the New Jersey zamak alloy. The high-purity refluxer zinc was not available in Britain and so they acquired the right to manufacture the alloy using a locally available electrolytically refined zinc of 99.95% purity. This was given the name Mazak, partly to distinguish it from zamak and partly from the initials of Morris Ashby. In 1933, National Smelting licensed the refluxer patent with the intent of using it to produce 99.99% zinc in their plant at Avonmouth.[5] Standards[edit] Zinc alloy chemical composition standards are defined per country by the standard listed below:Zinc alloy standards per country[6]Country Zinc ingot Zinc casting Europe EN1774 EN12844 USA ASTM B240 ASTM B86 Japan JIS H2201 JIS H5301 Australia AS 1881 – SAA H63 AS 1881 – SAA H64 China GB 8738-88 – Canada CSA HZ3 CSA HZ11 International ISO 301 – Zamak goes by many different names based on standard and/or country:Various names for zamak alloysTraditional name Short composition name Form Commo. thanks wikipedia.

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Raymond Otim

Raymond OtimPersonal information Full name Raymond Otim Born (1986-10-21) 21 October 1986 (age 29) Kampala, Uganda Batting style Right-handed Bowling style Leg break International information National sideUgandaCareer statisticsCompetition LA T20 Matches 3 2 Runs scored 11 34 Batting average 3.66 17.00 100s/50s –/– –/– Top score 8 25 Balls bowled – – Wickets – – Bowling average – – 5 wickets in innings – – 10 wickets in match – – Best bowling – – Catches/stumpings 1/– 1/–Source: CricketArchive, 25 January 2011 Raymond Otim (born 21 October 1986) in Kampala) is an Ugandan cricketer who played in the 2005 ICC Trophy in Ireland and the 2006 U-19 Cricket World Cup in Sri Lanka. He has also played in List A cricket for Uganda.[1] References[edit] ^ “Raymond Otim”. www.cricketarchive.com. Retrieved 2010-03-02. This biographical article related to Ugandan cricket is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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Sardinian Expeditionary Corps in the Crimean War

During the Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856) between Russia and the alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia, the latter sent an expeditionary force to the Crimean peninsula in the Black Sea. The prime minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia Count Camillo di Cavour and the king Victor Emmanuel II decided to side with France and the United Kingdom to strengthen then French-Sardinian alliance. A total of 18,000 Sardinian troops under Lieutenant General Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora were committed to the Crimean Campaign.[1]:111–12 This was an attempt at gaining the favour of the French, regarding the issue of uniting Italy in a war against the Austrian Empire. The deployment of Italian troops to the Crimea, and the gallantry shown by them in the Battle of the Chernaya (16 August 1855) and in the siege of Sevastopol, allowed the Kingdom of Sardinia to be among the participants at the peace conference at the end of the war, where it could address the issue of the Risorgimento to other European powers.Contents 1 Order of Battle of the Expeditionary Corps1.1 Staff 1.2 Staff Units 1.3 Combat Forces 1.4 Reserve Forces 2 Naval Division2.1 Staff 2.2 Combat ships 2.3 Transport ships 3 ReferencesOrder of Battle of the Expeditionary Corps[edit] A total of 18,061 men and 3,963 horses and mules embarked in April 1855 on British and Sardinian ships in the harbor of Genoa. While the infantry of the line and cavalry units were drawn from soldiers, who had volunteered for the expedition, the Bersaglieri, artillery and sapper troops were dispatched from their regular units. I.e. each of the army’s 10 regular Bersaglieri battalions dispatched its first two companies for the expedition, while i.e. the 1st Battalion of the 2nd Provisional Regiment consisted of volunteers from the army’s 3rd Line Infantry Regiment. The corps disembarked at Balaklava between 9 May and 14 May 1855. Staff[edit]Expeditionary Corps Commander in Chief: Lieutenant General Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora[2][3]Chief of Staff: Lieutenant Colonel Petiti Di Roreto Staff Major: Major Govone Artillery Staff Major: Major Della Rovere Commander, Artillery: Colonel Valfre Di Bonzo Commander, Engineers: Major Staglieno Commander, Bersaglieri: Lieutenant Colonel De Saint Pierre Commander, Support Services: Major General De Cavero (until 17 August 1855, then handled by Major Della Rovere after, De Cavero took over the Reserve Brigade when its commander Majo. thanks wikipedia.

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Edinburg, Texas

Edinburg, Texas City City of EdinburgThe Hidalgo County Courthouse as seen from University Drive in 2002.Nickname(s): “Gateway City to the Rio Grande Valley”Location of Edinburg, Texas Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389 Country  United States of America State  Texas CountyHidalgo Government  • Type Council-Manager  • City Council Mayor Richard Garcia Richard Molina J.R. Betancourt Homero Jasso David Torres[1]  • City Manager Richard M. Hinojosa Area  • Total 37.4 sq mi (96.9 km2)  • Land 37.4 sq mi (96.8 km2)  • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2) Elevation 95 ft (29 m) Population (2012 Census Estimate)  • Total 81,029  • Density 1,296.9/sq mi (500.7/km2) Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)  • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5) ZIP codes 78539-78541 Area code(s) 956 FIPS code 48-22660[2] GNIS feature ID 1335095[3] Website CityOfEdinburg.com Edinburg is a city in and the county seat of Hidalgo County, Texas, United States.[4] The population was 81,029 according to the 2012 census estimate.[5] Edinburg is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.Contents 1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Education4.1 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley 4.2 Colleges 4.3 Primary and secondary education 4.4 Public libraries 4.5 Museums 5 Government5.1 State agencies 5.2 Federal representation 6 Entertainment and sports 7 Sights 8 Transportation8.1 Highways 8.2 Airports 9 Nearby cities and communities9.1 Nearest cities 10 Media and journalism10.1 Television stations 10.2 Radio stations 10.3 Area newspapers 11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References 14 External linksHistory[edit] In 1908, John Closner, William Briggs, Argyle McAllen, Plutarco de la Viña and Dennis B. Chapin developed a new community (the town square of which is now located at the crossroads of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107). The town was named Chapin in honor of one of the developers. It is a local myth that Edinburg became the county seat of Hidalgo County in a dramatic, nighttime covert operation in which the county records were removed from t. thanks wikipedia.

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Dom Roque Tello de Menezes

Dom Roque Tello de Menezes was a Portuguese nobleman. The villages of Trombay and Chembur in Bombay were granted to him.[1] This was in 1548.[2] References[edit] ^ Cunha, Joseph Gerson Da; Cunha, Joseph Gerson. The Origin of Bombay. Asian Educational Services. p. 96. ISBN 9788120608153.  ^ http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=191800[dead link]. thanks wikipedia.

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Expansion Records

This article contains content that is written like an advertisement. Please help improve it by removing promotional content and inappropriate external links, and by adding encyclopedic content written from a neutral point of view. (April 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Expansion RecordsFounded 1984 Distributor(s) Essential Music Genre Soul & Various Black Music Country of origin United Kingdom Official website Expansion Records.com Expansion Records is a British record label founded by Northern Soul DJ Richard Searling and Soul Bowl owner John Anderson. In 1989 DJ, Author & Journalist Ralph Tee joined the label, both he and Searling run Expansion Records.Contents 1 Label history 2 Current/former artists 3 12″ Discography 4 External linksLabel history[edit] In 1986 Expansion released its first twelve-inch record with the catalogue ref: EXPAND1 (in 1986) – “Love Me Anyway” by US band WQBC (via a distribution deal with PRT). In 2004, Graphic Designer & DJ Simon Strutt rebranded the Expansion Records identity and created the ‘e’ logo to brand stamp each music release. In 2010 Expansion released EXPAND100 (“Weatherman” by Adriana Evans). At various times in its 25-year history artists that have signed to Expansion have included Leon Ware, Stephanie Mills, Leroy Hutson, Angie Stone, Gwen McCrae, Howard Hewett, Keni Burke, Lenny Williams, Rick James, Ronnie McNeir, Evelyn ‘Champagne’ King, Maysa to name a few. Current/former artists[edit]Adriana Evans Dira Frank McComb Leon Ware Maysa Leak Stephanie Mills Keni Burke Lenny Williams Helen Baylor Cool Million Angie Stone Howard Hewett Jean Carne Ronnie McNeir Leroy Hutson Trina Broussard Evelyn ‘Champagne’ King Rick James Peggi Blu Template:Jabari Grover12″ Discography[edit]EXPAND 1 WQBC: Love Me Anyway EXPAND 2 ANDREW BARRAX: Just Can’t Seem To Forget EXPAND 3 LEO’S SUNSHIPP: Give Me The Sunshine EXPAND 4 CHAS: For Your Love EXPAND 5 CLARENCE MANN I’ll Be Around EXPAND 6 RONNIE McNEIR: Follow Your Heart EXPAND 7 GENERAL CROOK: Mainsqueeze EXPAND 8 JAMES KING: Memory EXPAND 9 CURTIS REED: Exit 23 EXPAND 10 LESLIE DRAYTON: Dreamer EXPAND 11 RONNIE MCNEIR: I’m So In Love With You Baby EXPAND 12. thanks wikipedia.

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Gnorimoschema ericameriae

Gnorimoschema ericameriae Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Lepidoptera Family: Gelechiidae Genus: Gnorimoschema Species: G. ericameriae Binomial name Gnorimoschema ericameriae Keifer, 1933Gnorimoschema ericameriae is a moth in the Gelechiidae family. It was described by Keifer in 1933. It is found in North America, where it has been recorded from California.[1][2] The wingspan is 11–15 mm. There are greyish-white or whitish scales on the forewings. The forewings are crossed by a blackish shade just before the tip and the dorsal area is lighter. There is sparse pinkish irroration throughout the wing on lighter areas and a dark shade of dark grey and brown crossing the wing near base. Touching this and at the costal one-fifth, a diagonal light fascia runs to the fold and fuses with the dorsal area at a conspicuous pink spot at one-third. This fascia is bordered outwardly by a dark grey shade which runs to the center of the wing and is from there roughly continued as a jagged dark central line (interrupted by stigmata) to within the apex. Above this central line a curved light streak runs down from the costa at one-third and returns at the costal cilia, enclosing a dark grey area, the center of which is just beyond one-half. Within the apical margin, a grey streak fuses with the central line. The plical stigma is an obscure black spot with some brown scales at about one-third and the first and second discals are black spots in a curved light streak surrounded by brown scales at just beyond one-third and one-half. There are some black dots around the apex. The hindwings are grey with slight pinkish reflections. The larvae feed on Ericameria ericoides, living in a small rather round, apically pointed, terminal gall. The larvae have a sordid creamy-white body with pinkish fuscous above and with a dull brownish head.[3] References[edit] ^ funet.fi ^ mothphotographersgroup ^ Calif. Dept. Agric., Mon. Bull. 22 : 361This article on a moth of the Gnorimoschema subfamily is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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John DeLuca

John DeLuca Born John DeLuca (1986-04-25) April 25, 1986 (age 30) Longmeadow, Massachusetts Alma mater Fordham University Occupation Actor and singer Years active 2009–present Johnny “John” DeLuca is an American actor who is known for his role as Butchy in the Disney Channel Original Movie, Teen Beach Movie, Teen Beach 2, and as Anthony in coming-of-age comedy Staten Island Summer.[1] He also guest starred with Maia Mitchell on an episode of Disney Channel’s latest show, Jessie, along with a guest appearance on Wizards of Waverly Place.Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 3 Filmography3.1 Film 3.2 Television 4 Awards and nominations 5 Discography5.1 Soundtrack albums 6 References 7 External linksEarly life[edit] DeLuca was born in Longmeadow, Massachusetts. Growing up, DeLuca was an athlete.[1] In his senior year of high school, DeLuca decided to try out for high school production of The Wizard of Oz, where he auditioned the role of scarecrow. After he got the part, he decided to pursue acting.[2] He graduated from Longmeadow High School in 2004.[1] DeLuca is a 2008 graduate of Fordham University in New York where he was a Theatre major.[3] Career[edit] In 2009, DeLuca had his acting and tv debut, when he guest starred in shows Ugly Betty and 30 Rock.[4] In 2011, he guest starred in tv shows Lights Out and Wizards of Waverly Place.[5] That same year he also starred as Bucky Buchanan in Disney Channel unsold pilot Zombies and Cheerleaders.[6] In early 2012, DeLuca guest starred in an episode of The Secret Life of the American Teenager.[7] In 2012, DeLuca had a film debut in movie We Made This Movie, where he played the role of Jeff.[8] Later, he guest starred in an episode of Sketchy.[9] In December 2012, he had a role as Colin Hemingway in the indie drama movie Hemingway.[10] In early 2013, DeLuca guest starred with Maia Mitchell on Disney show Jessie.[11] In 2013, he landed the role of Butchy in the hit Disney Channel Original Movie, Teen Beach Movie.[1] The movie was directed by Jeffrey Hornaday and earned 13.5 million total viewers on Disney Channel.[12] He played the role of Butchy , the leader of the biker gang in the movie within the movie. Also in 2013, DeLuca had a recurring role in the TV series Twisted, as Cole Farell.[13] He had a role in short film It Remains.[14] In 2014, he guest starred on an episode of Instant Mom. In 2015, DeLuca reprised his role as Butchy, leader of the biker gang, in the Disney C. thanks wikipedia.

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